Buffalo Spring National Reserve Buffalo

Buffalo Springs National Reserve is found in Isiolo County and is managed by Isiolo County Government.

It borders Samburu National Reserve on the other side of Ewaso Ng’iro River. The Ewaso Ng’iro River separates the two reserves.

Ewaso Ng’iro plays an important role in this ecosystem and without it; it would be difficult for the wildlife to survive. The river provides water for wildlife and supports riverine forest and acacia woodland, and bushland.

Buffalo Springs National Reserve Animals/Wildlife

Mount Longonot National Park Giraffe/Zebra

Wildlife includes Zebra, Giraffe, Elephant, Buffalo, Gerenuk, Oryx, Lion, Leopard, Cheetah and Hyena.

Ewaso Ng’iro River is also home to Nile Crocodiles plus large herds of Hippopotamus.

The Reserve has also a wide variety of Birds-over 365 species-including ostriches and vultures.


The area that this reserve lays is semi-arid. 

Temperatures range from 18C-30C.

Rainfall annual average is 354 mm and is mostly concentrated in November and April.

The dry season is from May and spreads up to October.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit this reserve is in the dry period (May-October/December-March) when animals are seeking water and fresh vegetation along the Ewaso Ng’iro River.

Things to do in Buffalo Springs National Reserve

  • Game viewing-Watch a wide variety of animals including the big cats
  • Bird watching-Over 365 species of birds
  • Cultural Visit to the neighboring Samburu Community and have a taste of their way of life-Nomadic lifestyle
  • Nature walks

Travel Tips

These items must be in your items-to-carry list. They include drinking water, hat, sunscreen, sunglasses, camera, binoculars, and guidebooks.

Buffalo Springs National Reserve Entrance Fees

Citizen: Adult KES 500

Residents: Adult KES 1,000

Non-resident: Adult $70, Child $40

How to get there

By Road-The Reserve is located 350 km from Nairobi through Nanyuki to Isiolo. You can use your own vehicle or join a safari.

By Air-Through the Buffalo Springs Airstrip and operate every day

Buffalo Springs National Reserve Hotels and Lodges

Accommodation near this reserve include:-

  • Elephant Watch Camp & safaris
  • Samburu Intrepids Tented Camps
  • Samburu Simba Lodge
  • Samburu Sopa Lodge
  • Sentrim Samburu Lodge
  • Ashnil Samburu Camp
  • Samburu Game Lodge
  • Sarova Shaba Game Lodge

Happy wildlife visit!

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